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Layer 0 Overview

Layer 0 is the lowest layer. It is the foundation upon which the higher layers are built. For example, the first component of Layer 0 provides the necessary networking capabilities necessary for building peer-to-peer networks.

Layer 0 is made up of two components that can be reused amongst Layer 1 technologies. These are the standardised basic building blocks out of which some layer 1 technologies can be assembled.


(1) Peer-to-peer (p2p) internet overlay protocols

  • Devp2p
  • Libp2p

(2) Platform-neutral computation description language

  • EVM
  • WASM
  • UTXO